THE HAGUE, Nov 15 (Reuters) – Venezuela told the World Court on Wednesday that it will go ahead with a referendum on Dec. 3 over its rights to a potentially oil-rich territory that is the subject of a border dispute with Guyana, which asked the court to halt the vote.
In April the International Court of Justice, as the World Court is formally known, ruled that it had jurisdiction over the issue. But a final ruling on the main case could be years away.
The referendum asks Venezuelans among other things if they agree with Caracas’ position to reject the ICJ’s jurisdiction over the Essequibo region and agree to a plan to incorporate it and create a state called Guyana Essequibo. It would also grant its population Venezuelan citizenship.
Guyana on Tuesday asked the court to issue emergency measures to stop the vote. Venezuela said that demand interfered with its internal affairs and constitutional order.
“Nothing will prevent the referendum scheduled for the Dec. 3 from being held,” Venezuela’s Vice President Delcy Rodriguez told the court.
She added that her appearance in court did not mean she recognized its jurisdiction over the dispute.
The 160,000 square km (61,776 square mile) territory of Essequibo is mostly impenetrable jungle and has long been the subject of a border dispute between the two neighbors.
Venezuela’s claim over Essequibo was reactivated in recent years after the discovery of oil and gas near the maritime border. Just last month Guyana announced another significant discovery in offshore areas.
The Venezuela referendum has been described by critics as a way for the ruling party to test its support ahead of planned elections next year and to encourage the international courts to give it full rights over the disputed border territory.
No date has been set for a ruling but the ICJ usually issues a decision on emergency measures within a few weeks.
The ICJ is the United Nations highest court for disputes between states. Its rulings are final but it has no way of enforcing its decisions.
Reporting by Stephanie van den Berg, Editing by Angus MacSwan